There are different types of freight that must be known by transport managers, and each of them has its own characteristics and special care. One of the most common types of freight in the country is dry freight, so it is important to understand the measures to avoid delivery issues.
Read in this article what exactly dry cargoes are, what precautions are necessary to ensure their successful transport, and the main types of vehicles to carry out this operation. Check!
What is dry cargo?
Here we are talking about non-perishable goods, that is, they take a long time to get lost or deteriorate. They are more resistant, can be taken without too much special care, and do not require refrigeration. However, it is necessary to take into account some aspects, such as weather conditions, so that the cargo does not suffer damage.
Goods considered to be dry goods are foods such as beans, rice, sugar and oil, in addition to industrialized products in general. Also included in this category are other products, for example:
- construction equipment and materials – except cement and related products;
- car parts;
- personal hygiene products;
- articles of clothing;
- Appliances; among others.
The list of articles suitable for dry loads is wide and of interest to different market sectors, such as industries, furniture, civil construction companies and trade in general.
What precautions should be taken with this type of cargo?
Due to its characteristics, dry cargo is easier to transport from one point to another than live, frozen, perishable foods (like fruits and vegetables), fragile and dangerous cargoes (like natural gas, products corrosives and explosives).
But there are still some precautions that need to be taken to ensure that the transport is done safely. Understand them below.
Protect cargo from inclement weather
Although weather does not influence some dry loads, such as industrialized products, some more delicate items may suffer damage when exposed to rain or strong sunlight, for example wooden furniture.
So that the weather conditions do not interfere with the quality of the cargo, preserving its integrity and customer satisfaction, use closed trucks that protect the products during transportation. Also, pay attention to the quality of the box, it must have a good structure, a floor and an adequate coating to ensure the protection of the product until delivery.
Do the right stacking
Stacking the products inside the vehicle facilitates the process of transporting, loading and unloading the goods. But it is necessary for those responsible to perform the maneuvering and fixing correctly and observe the characteristics of the items, since more precautions may be necessary depending on the type of dry load.
For example, a load made entirely of wood is more flexible and does not require excessive care. On the other hand, the stacking of devices must be better planned, to avoid damage to the load, because not all products support weight on them.
Avoid overloading the vehicle
Many people want to occupy as much space as possible on their trucks when carrying a load that does not require special care.
This is an important mistake to avoid, as being overweight increases the likelihood of road accidents, can result in fines when the truck passes the vehicle scales, increases fuel consumption and causes vehicle damage. .
Therefore, know the weight limit of each vehicle and plan to load the maximum of goods without reaching it. For example, it is possible to allocate heavier furniture in the truck, but once the weight is close to the limit, fill the rest of the available space with lighter products.
Prioritize security to avoid theft
As with other types of cargo, droughts are susceptible to theft and theft during transfer. However, the risk of crime increases when transporting high-value goods that can be easily taken away, such as certain types of household appliances. In this scenario, a good alternative to minimize losses is to take out specific insurance for it.
Also use a Carrier Management System (TMS) and integrate it with a tool that performs route routing for the vehicle. The technology will plan the most advantageous route for the company in terms of safety and economy.
Other useful features for security are delivery control app and vehicle tracking. If it is stopped or diverted from the path, managers will see the act, can contact the driver to find out what happened, and take action to help.
What are the main dry goods transport vehicles?
The choice of vehicle for transporting goods must take into account the type of goods to be transported and its weight.
For lighter loads, opt for smaller trucks or VUCs (urban freight vehicles) that are easier to handle in urban centers. For longer trips and heavier loads, choose the vehicles that support the most weight. Check out some of the options below.
Stump or semi-heavy truck
It is a shorter model, with two axles (one front and one rear with single wheels). It has a maximum length of 14 meters and an average capacity of up to 8 tons.
truck or heavy truck
The truck is a 14-meter three-axle vehicle (double axle in the body). This gives the vehicle better performance and increases its capacity up to 12 tons.
This is a category of vehicles with a mechanical horse (driving part), which can be coupled with different types of load modules (semi-trailer). There are several models that can be adopted by the company, and there are options that support up to 25 tons.
The load to be transported is generally heavy, pay attention to the maintenance of the vehicle. Also, keep in mind that with TMS support, you can better plan and control maintenance, create plans, check repair history, and more.
Finally, we emphasize that although the transport of dry goods is less complex than the other modalities, it is necessary to pay attention to all the details of the activity to avoid problems and ensure that the operation is carried out with success.
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